The Budapest Declaration was adopted by the World Heritage Committee in 2002 during its 26th Session in order to underline the importance of an adequate management of World Heritage properties. To this end, the Declaration invites State Parties to promote effective conservation by pursuing basic strategic goals; ensure an appropriate and equitable balance between conservation, sustainability and development, so that World Heritage properties can be protected through appropriate activities contributing to the social and economic development and the quality of life of the communities; favour communication, education, research, training and public awareness strategies; seek the active involvement of local communities at all levels in the identification, protection and management of World Heritage properties.
Nomination dossiers for inscription on the World Heritage List must, therefore, include an appropriate Management Plan describing the measures aimed at preserving the property’s outstanding universal value. The main purpose of a Management Plan is to ensure the nominated property’s effective protection so that it may be passed on to future generations as their rightful inheritance. An effective management must take into consideration type, characteristics and needs of the nominated property as well as its cultural and/or natural context. It may also incorporate existing urban or regional planning instruments, traditional practices and other planning control mechanisms. In the case of serial and/or transnational properties, the Management Plan must include mechanisms for ensuring the co-ordinated management of the property separate components.
A helpful tool for the writing of the Management Plan is the Resource Manual for Managing Cultural World Heritage in both versions regarding cultural and natural heritage.
In Italy, the law no.77 dated February 20th, 2006 establishes special measures for the protection and use of Italian properties having an outstanding cultural, environmental or landscape value, inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In particular, it introduces Management Plans for properties already inscribed on the List, in order to ensure their conservation and create conditions that may favour their development. The law also sets out procedures for the adoption of Management Plans and measures to support the elaboration of adequate plans.