Testo Convenzione 2003

Introduction at the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage

The General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization hereinafter referred to as UNESCO, meeting in Paris, from 29 September to 17 October 2003, at its 32nd session,
Referring to existing international human rights instruments, in particular to the Universal Declaration on Human Rights of 1948, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966,
Considering the importance of the intangible cultural heritage as a mainspring of cultural diversity and a guarantee of sustainable development, as underscored in the UNESCO Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore of 1989, in the UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity of 2001, and in the Istanbul Declaration of 2002 adopted by the Third Round Table of Ministers of Culture.

Considering the deep-seated interdependence between the intangible cultural heritage and the tangible cultural and natural heritage,
Recognizing that the processes of globalization and social transformation, alongside the conditions they create for renewed dialogue among communities, also give rise, as does the phenomenon of intolerance, to grave threats of deterioration, disappearance and destruction of the intangible cultural heritage, in particular owing to a lack of resources for safeguarding such heritage.

Being aware of the universal will and the common concern to safeguard the intangible cultural heritage of humanity,
Recognizing that communities, in particular indigenous communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals, play an important role in the production, safeguarding, maintenance and re-creation of the intangible cultural heritage, thus helping to enrich cultural diversity and human creativity,
Noting the far-reaching impact of the activities of UNESCO in establishing normative instruments for the protection of the cultural heritage, in particular the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage of 1972,
Noting further that no binding multilateral instrument as yet exists for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage,
Considering that existing international agreements, recommendations and resolutions concerning the cultural and natural heritage need to be effectively enriched and supplemented by means of new provisions relating to the intangible cultural heritage,
Considering the need to build greater awareness, especially among the younger generations, of the importance of the intangible cultural heritage and of its safeguarding,
Considering that the international community should contribute, together with the States Parties to this Convention, to the safeguarding of such heritage in a spirit of cooperation and mutual assistance,
Recalling UNESCO’s programmes relating to the intangible cultural heritage, in particular the Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity,
Considering the invaluable role of the intangible cultural heritage as a factor in bringing human beings closer together and ensuring exchange and understanding among them,
Adopts this Convention on this seventeenth day of October 2003.

OPERATIONAL DIRECTIVES

The Operational Directives are the key instrument for implementing the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage. They are periodically updated to incorporate the decisions of the Intergovernmental Committee and to implement the Convention itself.

The Operational Directives provide criteria and procedures for application of the Convention, relating in particular to:

  • Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage at the international level; cooperation; and international assistance;
  • The Intangible Cultural Heritage Fund;
  • Participation in implamenting the Convention;
  • Raising awareness about intangible cultural heritage and using the emblem of the Convention;
  • Periodic Reports by the States Parties;
  • Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage and sustainable development at the national level.
  1. NOMINATIONS

The States Parties of the Convention can nominate new “elements, projects, activities, or programmes of good safeguarding practices” for inscription on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists.

For that purpose each State Party, with participation by the community and the stakeholder and practitioner groups that have a direct interest, must establish, identify, and inventory the “Elements” it intends to nominate for inscription on the Urgent Safeguarding List and the Representative List, In the same way it must define any “projects, activities or programmes” it intends to nominate for inscription on the Register of Good Safeguarding Practices.

This process of inventorying (for the purposes of putting forward UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage nominations) is part of the preliminary activity that is formally initiated and coordinated by Service I of the General Secretariat of MiBACT.

All the material relating to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, and the institutional and promotional activities associated with it, can be found on the UNESCO website at https://ich.unesco.org/en/convention. The Operational Directives attached to the Convention for the purposes of its application, as well as the contents, methods, and activities for the nomination process, can be consulted and examined in greater detail at https://ich.unesco.org/en/directives.

The nomination forms can be consulted and downloaded at https://ich.unesco.org/en/forms. Specifically, these refer to nominations for inscription on:

  • the Urgent Safeguarding List;
  • the Representative List;
  • the Register of Good Safeguarding Practices.

The preliminary procedures for both national and multinational pathways are coordinated by Service I of the MiBACT General Secretariat, and are carried out in gradual stages of in-depth technical and scientific study, with a view to ensuring the widest possible dissemination of the principles of the Convention and the participation of the community and holders directly involved, including their participation in the inventorying of the “Elements” to be nominated, preparing the nomination files, and developing, planning, and updating protection measures to ensure that the nomination processes have a sustainable development impact at the local, national and international levels.

The competent office for applying, implementing, and promoting the Convention, for managing and coordinating nomination proposals, and for monitoring, is Service 1 – Coordination and UNESCO Office – General Secretariat of the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities.

The implementation status of the Convention is subject to review by the Convention Secretariat in Paris, to which each State Party must submit a National Periodic Report.

1.2 ACTIVATION OF NOMINATIONS

Nominations for the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists are submitted to the Italian National Commission for UNESCO, which assigns them to the Ministry/Ministries responsible for processing applications.

To ensure that applications are compiled exhaustively to a high standard and in accordance with the Operational Directives of the Convention and their successive stages of implementation, the competent department of MiBACT is Service 1 – Coordination and UNESCO Office, which ensures the technical and scientific coordination of both the national and multinational pathways.

The Office responds within 180 days following the outcome of its further investigation of the nomination proposal, to either request further information, activate an application directly, or to refuse the inscription.

For the purposes of submitting a nomination proposal and activating the procedure, it is recommended that the following information be included when compiling the form that relates to the List for which it is intended to begin the nomination process:

–           The name and a basic description of either the “Element relating to the Urgent Safeguarding List”, the “Element on the Representative List” or the “Project/Activity/Programme of Good Safeguarding Practices” to be nominated, and its geographical location;

–           The identification details of the community that is directly involved in the nomination proposal, referring specifically to holder and practitioner groups;

–           A list of the protection measures identified for the “Elements” of the Intangible Cultural Heritage submitted for the Urgent Safeguarding List and the Representative List, or included in the “Project, Activity, or Programme” nominated for the “Register of Good Practices”;

–           If the “property” of Intangible Cultural Heritage to be nominated for the “Urgent Safeguarding List” or the “Representative List” is already catalogued in any way, including at the local or regional level: an indication of how is inventoried;

–           As attachments: any historical or anthropological reference bibliography and any web references.

 

 

1.3 INCLUSION ON THE LIST OF ITALIAN NOMINATIONS; THE STAGES OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSESSMENT PROCESS

When the preliminary stage of a nomination proposal is well advanced it is added to the National List of Nominations for inscription on the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage, ready for final evaluation by the Governing Council of the CNIU (the Italian National Commission for UNESCO). The CNIU then forwards it to the Secretariat of the Convention, in Paris, for the next evaluation stages and procedures at international level. The official deadline for forwarding by the CNIU is 31 March 31 for each cycle of submissions.

The Convention Secretariat in Paris performs an initial technical check of the documentation received, prior to subsequent consideration by the International Evaluation Body.

The final decision for or against inscription on the UNESCO Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage is taken by the Intergovernmental Committee of the Convention, which meets once a year to decide which “Elements” are to be inscribed on the Urgent Safeguarding List and the Representative List, and which “Projects, Activities, or Programmes” are to be inscribed on the Register of Good Safeguarding Practices.

The Committee may also decide to defer a nomination for evaluation at the next cycle – requesting further information or implementation of the dossier – or may refuse inscription.

1.4 PROCEDURE FOR THE INSCRIPTION OF ELEMENTS ON THE LISTS AND FOR SELECTING GOOD SAFEGUARDING PRACTICES

1.4.a INSCRIPTION ON THE URGENT SAFEGUARDING LIST CRITERIA

In nomination files, the submitting State(s) Party(ies) is(are) requested to demonstrate that an element nominated for inscription on the Urgent Safeguarding List satisfies all of the following criteria:

U.1 The element constitutes intangible cultural heritage as defined in Article 2 of the Convention.

U.2 a. The element is in urgent need of safeguarding because its viability is at risk despite the efforts of the community, group or, if applicable, individuals and State(s) Party(ies) concerned;

(or)

  1. The element is in extremely urgent need of safeguarding because it is facing grave threats as a result of which it cannot be expected to survive without immediate safeguarding.

U.3 Safeguarding measures are elaborated that may enable the community, group or, if applicable, individuals concerned to continue the practice and transmission of the element.

U.4 The element has been nominated following the widest possible participation of the community, group or, if applicable, individuals concerned and with their free, prior and informed consent.

U.5 The element is included in an inventory of the intangible cultural heritage present in the territory(ies) of the submitting State(s) Party(ies), as defined in Article 11 and Article 12 of the Convention.

U.6 In cases of extreme urgency, the State(s) Party(ies) concerned has (have) been duly consulted regarding inscription of the element in conformity with Article 17.3 of the Convention.

TIMETABLE AND PROCEDURES

Phase 1: Preparation and submission

  • 31 March Year 0

Deadline for preparatory assistance requests for the elaboration of nominations.

  • 31 March- Year 1

Deadline by which nominations must be received by the Secretariat. Files received after this date will be examined in the next cycle.

  • 30 June-Year 1

Deadline by which the Secretariat completes processing the files, including registration and acknowledging receipt. If a file is found to be incomplete, the State Party is invited to complete it.

  • 30 September-Year 1

Deadline by which the State Party must submit, to the Secretariat, any missing information required to complete the files. Any files remaining incomplete are returned to the States Parties, which can complete them for a subsequent cycle.

Phase 2: Evaluation

  • December Year 1 – May Year 2

Evaluation of the files by the Evaluation Body.

  • April – June Year 2

Meeting for final evaluation by the Evaluation Body. Beginning from four weeks prior to the session of the Intergovernmental Committee, the files and evaluation reports are available online for consultation by the States Parties.

Phase 3: Examination

  • November / December Year 2

The Committee examines the nominations and makes its decision.

1.4.b INSCRIPTION ON THE REPRESENTATIVE LIST

CRITERIA

In nomination files, the submitting State(s) Party(ies) is (are) requested to demonstrate that an element nominated for inscription on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity satisfies all of the following criteria:

R.1 The element constitutes intangible cultural heritage as defined in Article 2 of the Convention.

R.2 Inscription of the element will contribute to ensuring visibility and awareness of the significance of the intangible cultural heritage and to encouraging dialogue, thus reflecting cultural diversity worldwide and testifying to human creativity;

R.3 Safeguarding measures are elaborated that may protect and promote the element;

R.4 The element has been nominated following the widest possible participation of the community, group or, if applicable, individuals concerned and with their free, prior and informed consent.

R.5 The element is included in an inventory of the intangible cultural heritage present in the territory(ies) of the submitting State(s) Party(ies), as defined in Article 11 and Article 12 of the Convention..

Timetable and Procedure

Phase 1: Preparation and submission

  • 31 March Year 0

Deadline for preparatory assistance requests for the elaboration of nominations.

  • 31 March- Year 1

Deadline by which nominations must be received by the Secretariat. Files received after this date will be examined in the next cycle.

  • 30 June-Year 1

Deadline by which the Secretariat completes processing the files, including registration and acknowledging receipt. If a file is found to be incomplete, the State Party is invited to complete it.

  • 30 September-Year 1

Deadline by which the State Party must submit, to the Secretariat, any missing information required to complete the files. Any files remaining incomplete are returned to the States Parties, which can complete them for a subsequent cycle.

Phase 2: Evaluation

  • December Year 1 – May Year 2

Evaluation of the files by the Evaluation Body.

  • April – June Year 2

Meeting for final evaluation by the Evaluation Body. Beginning from four weeks prior to the session of the Intergovernmental Committee, the files and evaluation reports are available online for consultation by States Parties.

Phase 3: Examination

  • November / December Year 2

The Committee examines the nominations and makes its decision.

1.4.c SELECTION OF PROPOSALS FOR THE REGISTER OF GOOD SAFEGUARDING PRACTICES

CRITERIA

From among the programmes, projects or activities proposed to the Committee by States Parties, only those are selected that best satisfy the following criteria:

Criterion 1: The programme, project, or activity involves safeguarding, as defined in art. 2.3 of the Convention;

Criterion 2: The programme, project, or activity promotes the coordination of efforts for safeguarding intangible cultural heritage on regional, subregional and/or international levels;

Criterion 3: The programme, project, or activity reflects the principles and objectives of the Convention;

Criterion 4: If already completed, the programme, project or activity has demonstrated effectiveness in contributing to the viability of the intangible cultural heritage concerned. If still under way or planned, it can reasonably be expected to contribute substantially to the viability of the intangible cultural heritage concerned.

Criterion 5: The programme, project or activity has been or will be implemented with the participation of the community, group or, if applicable, individuals concerned and with their free, prior and informed consent.

Criterion 6: The programme, project or activity may serve as a subregional, regional or international model, as the case may be, for safeguarding activities;

Criterion 7: The submitting State(s) Party(ies), implementing body(ies), and community, group or, if applicable, individuals concerned are willing to cooperate in the dissemination of best practices, if their programme, project or activity is selected.

Criterion 8: The programme, project or activity features experiences that are susceptible to an assessment of their results.

Criterion 9: The programme, project or activity is primarily applicable to the particular needs of developing countries.

TIMETABLE AND PROCEDURES

Phase 1: Preparation and submission

  • 31 March Year 0

Deadline for preparatory assistance requests for the elaboration of nominations.

  • 31 March- Year 1

Deadline by which nominations must be received by the Secretariat. Files received after this date will be examined in the next cycle.

  • 30 June-Year 1

Deadline by which the Secretariat completes processing the files, including registration and acknowledging receipt. If a file is found incomplete, the State Party is invited to complete the file..

  • 30 September-Year 1

Deadline by which the State Party must submit, to the Secretariat, any missing information required to complete the files. Any files remaining incomplete are returned to the States Parties, which can complete them for a subsequent cycle.

Phase 2: Evaluation

  • December Year 1 – May Year 2

Evaluation of the files by the Evaluation Body.

  • April – June Year 2

Meeting for final evaluation by the Evaluation Body. Beginning from four weeks prior to the session of the Intergovernmental Committee, the files and evaluation reports are available online for consultation by States Parties.

Phase 3: Examination

  • November / December Year 2

The Committee examines the nominations and makes its decision.

  • December Year 1 – May Year 2

Evaluation of the files by the Evaluation Body.

  • April – June Year 2

Meeting for final evaluation by the Evaluation Body. Beginning from four weeks prior to the session of the Intergovernmental Committee, the files and evaluation reports are available online for consultation by States Parties.

Phase 3: Examination

  • November / December Year 2

The Committee examines the nominations and makes its decision.